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Chinese Painted Quail

Coturnix chinensis
Chinese Painted Quail
Conservation Status: 
Least Concern

The Chinese Painted Quail is also known as the King Quail, button Quail, Chun-chi, Asian Blue Quail and Blue breasted Quail is in the same family as the pheasants Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds.  These birds all have a distinctly larger breast-bone than other birds with more muscle surrounding the area.  This is why they are hunted for their meat.  This species is the smallest "true quail" and is quite common in aviculture worldwide.  In the wild they range from southeastern Asia to Oceania with 10 different subspecies.

The male King Quail comes in many colors from blue to brown, silver, maroon and a darker brown - almost black.  They have orange feet which are hard to withstand a continuous life on the ground like many other game birds.  The female is similar to the male but cannot come in shades of blue.  They can live up to 13 years under captivity but through the wild only 3-6.  The eggs of King Quail are light, creamy-brown color and slightly pointed at the 'top'; roughly ovular in shape.

Clutch size varies anywhere from 5 to 13 eggs.  Before incubation starts all the eggs composing the clutch will be laid.  In captivity, if the female lays too many eggs, they should be taken, as after about 10 days they go cold and die.  In captivity, the ideal number of eggs in a clutch is 6 to 8.  The baby quails hatch after about 19 days and look a lot like chicken chicks but smaller.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Chinese Painted Quail", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.