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Red-Capped Cardinal

Paroaria gularis
Conservation Status: 
Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.
Range: 
Northern and Central South America
Habitat: 
Swamps, mangrove, várzea (forest that has seasonal whitewater flooding), and other semi-open areas near water.

Red-capped cardinals are not actually cardinals, but are instead classified in the group called tanagers.  They eat insects, seeds, berries, and fruit.  They are usually in family groups or pairs.  They forage on the ground and around water, looking for food.

They use dry grass and twigs to make a nest overhanging water.  The nest is cup-shaped and around 10 cm wide.  They lay 2 or 3 eggs at a time.

Image by Joao Quental from Wikimedia Commons, used under Creative Commons cc-by 2.0.