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Timneh African Grey Parrot

Psittacus erithacus timneh
Conservation Status: 
They are Endangered on the IUCN Red List. Their population trend is decreasing due to trapping for the exotic pet trade and habitat loss.
Range: 
West Africa
Habitat: 
Dense forest, savannah woodland, mangroves, and gallery forest.

Timneh African Grey Parrots are a small-medium sized parrot, noticeably, but not significantly, smaller than Congo African Greys. They are a mottled grey, with a dark maroon tail. They have a hooked beak that is mainly dark grey with a tan patch on top.

They eat nuts, seeds, berries, fruit, vegetation, and sprouts.

They are social birds, but tend to only interact with others of the same species. They roost in trees on islands in rivers.

These parrots are partial ground feeders. They will group in a barren tree until it is full of hundreds of birds. They will preen, climb, vocalize, and socialize. Eventually they will head down to the ground. The whole group will never be on the ground at the same time, and they are very vigilant, responding to any sound or movement they might detect.

A pair of parrots tend to take their own tree in which to breed. Sexual maturity takes place around 3 to 5 years of age, and like many other parrots, they carefully select a mate for life. They use tree cavities for nesting and have been seen doing display flights and mating dances (which include drooping their wings) outside of them. The males will feed the females during courtship and both will sing soft, monotonous tones. Females incubate the eggs while the males help guard and bring her food. Timneh African Greys breed once or twice a year, most often during the dry season. They lay 3 to 5 eggs, but 1 at a time, at intervals of 2 to 5 days. 

Timneh African Grey Parrots have a lifespan of 40 to 50 years, with a wingspan of 46 to 52 cm, weigh between 275 to 375 grams and are approximately 23 to 33 cm in length.