Every continent except Antarctica
Wide diversity of habitats
The House Sparrow is a highly adaptable species, capable of thriving in a wide range of habitats, from light forests to deserts to dense urban areas. They are naturally seed eaters but also have flexible diets.
With an estimated population of 1.4 billion individuals, the House Sparrow is one of the most numerous birds in the world. They are also the most widely distributed wild bird on Earth. Native to the Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa, they have spread to every continent except Antarctica. Their ability to adapt to diverse environments and foods has helped widespread distribution and success as a species.
They exhibit social behavior and often form large colonies in urban areas, congregating in nests built in crevices, cavities, or buildings.
While widely distributed, the House Sparrow has experienced localized declines in some regions. Nevertheless, due to their adaptability and ability to breed rapidly, they remain a common species well-suited to human presence.