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Sun Conure

Aratinga Solstitialis
Sun Conure
South America

The Sun Conure or Sun Parakeet is a medium-sized brightly colored parrot native to northeastern South America.  The adult male and female are similar in appearance, with predominantly golden-yellow plumage and orange-flushed underparts and face.  It is commonly kept in aviculture.  The species is endangered, threatened by loss of habitat and trapping for the pet trade.  

On average, Sun Conures weigh approximately 100g (4 oz) and are around 30 cm (12 in) long.  They are sexually monomorphic.

Adults have a rich yellow crown, nape, mantle, lesser wing-coverts, tips of the greater wing-coverts, chest, and underwing-coverts. The face and belly are orange with red around the ears.  The base of the greater wing-converts, tertials, and base of the primaries are green, while the secondaries, tips of the primaries, and most of the primary coverts are dark blue.  The tail is olive-green with a blue tip.  From below, all the flight feathers are dark greyish.  The bill is black.  The legs and bare eye-ring are grey, but the latter often fades to white in captivity (so using amount of grey or white in the eye-ring for determining "purity" of an individual can be misleading).  It is easily confused with the closely related Jandaya Parakeet and Sulphur-breasted Parakeet, but the former has entirely green wing-coverts, mantle and vent, while the latter has green mottling to the mantle and less orange to the underpants.  The Sun Parakeet is also superficially similar to the pale-billed Golden Parakeet.

Juvenile Sun Parakeets display a predominantly green plumage and resemble similar-aged Sulphur-breasted Parakeets.  the distinctive yellow, orange, and reddish coloration on the back, abdomen, and head is attained with maturity.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Sun Conure", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.