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Victoria Crowned Pigeon

Goura victoria
Conservation Status: 
Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List.
Range: 
Papua New Guinea
Habitat: 
Lowland and swamp forests

Victoria Crowned Pigeons are mainly blue, with a purple chest, and a white line on their wing. They have a flat blue tail with a white tip, and a blue crest with white tips. Their eyes are red.  As pigeons, they produce “crop milk” for their young that is gradually supplemented with regurgitated food. Like other pigeons, they can generate suction and drink water without lifting their head. They usually travel in pairs or small parties as they search for food. Unlike other pigeons, they do not have an oil gland for preening or a gall bladder. They make deep contact calls and knocking sounds. 

Victoria Crowned Pigeons are monogamous. The female usually lays a single white egg in a well-built tree nest of stems, sticks, and palm leaves. In the weeks before she lays the egg, the male brings nesting material to the female. The egg is incubated around 30 days. The young fledge at 4 weeks old and leave the nest at 7 to 8 weeks, but are actively tended to for a total of 13 weeks. They eat fallen fruit, occasional seeds or invertebrates.

Their population is in decline due to habitat loss from logging, and being hunted for feathers and food. There are somewhere between 1,500 and 7,000 Victoria Crowned Pigeons left in their native range.