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Zebra Finch

Taeniopygia guttata
Conservation Status: 
Least Concern on the IUCN Red List
Range: 
Australia, Indonesia, East Timor
Habitat: 
They are able to live in a broad range of biomes including grasslands, forests, plains with scattered bushes and trees, and even in human-disturbed areas. They usually live near water.

Zebra finches are one of the most studied birds in the world.  By 2010 there were over 1,500 published scientific papers using zebra finches as a subject. 

They nest at any time during the year, usually after heavy rainfall.  They build a nest in bushes, grass, caves, tree hollows, or on artificial surfaces like buildings and towers.  Zebra finch chicks have pearlescent lining on the corners of their mouths to guide parents in feeding them in lower-light nests.

Zebra finches eat seeds, and their beaks are shaped to remove indigestible husks from the nutritious seed germ.